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SLL Lighting Handbook 2018

Society of Light and Lighting

The first edition of the SLL Lighting Handbook was produced in 2009 to celebrate the centenary of the Society of Light and Lighting. It was well received by our members and the wider international lighting community and so it was decided to create an expanded edition to build on its success.

Where the first edition consisted of twenty-three chapters, this edition has thirty-four, plus four appendices, making it some 50% bigger. The old chapters on light and on vision have been removed, as it was felt they would sit better amongst the fundamentals of lighting covered in the SLL Code for Lighting, which is also being revised.

This new edition has its chapters grouped in three sections. The first covers various design aspects of lighting, the second covers important areas of lighting technology and the third a big section covering specific applications in the field of interior and exterior lighting. With this range it is hoped that the Handbook will guide the reader from initial design decisions, through selection of appropriate technical solutions, and then on to detail design and finally commissioning and handover of a successful lighting scheme.

(Photo Credit CIBSE SLL Website)



Chapter 1: Lighting design process

1.1 Objectives
1.2 People
1.3 Issues
1.4 Constraints
1.5 Process

Chapter 2: Daylighting

2.1 The benefits of daylight
2.2 The need to control daylight
2.3 Shading
2.4 Assessment of daylight quantity
2.5 Daylighting solutions
2.6 Maintenance considerations
2.7 Conclusion
2.8 Further reading

Chapter 3: Emergency lighting

3.1 Legislation and standards
3.2 Types of emergency lighting
3.3 Design approaches
3.4 Emergency lighting equipment
3.5 Scheme planning
3.6 Installation, testing and maintenance

Chapter 4: Design ethos

4.1 The CIBSE Code of Conduct
4.2 Professional standards and the Bribery Act
4.3 Professional standards and tendering procedures
4.4 The use of, responsibilities for, and assessing of ‘equal and approved’ products
4.5 Sustainability

Chapter 5: Coordination with other services

5.1 Hierarchy of services in ceiling voids
5.2 Coordinating the ceiling void
5.3 Integration with air conditioning systems


Chapter 6: Light sources

6.1 Electric lamp characteristics
6.2 Electric light
6.3 Gas lighting
6.4 Production of radiation
6.5 Daylight

Chapter 7: Control gear

7.1 Control gear terminology
7.2 Transformers for low voltage Incandescent lamps
7.3 Electronic control gear for high frequency fluorescent light sources
7.4 Control gear for discharge lamps
7.5 Control gear for LED/OLED light sources
7.6 Control gear for emergency lighting applications
7.7 Control gear for circadian lighting luminaires
7.8 Inrush current

Chapter 8: Luminaires

8.1 Interior luminaire types
8.2 Exterior luminaire types
8.3 Certification and classification

Chapter 9: Power to lighting systems

9.1 Introduction
9.2 Design process
9.3 Final circuit distribution
9.4 Conventional cabling systems
9.5 Modular cabling systems
9.6 Connection methods
9.7 Distributed power and control systems
9.8 Direct current power supplies
9.9 Power over Ethernet (PoE)

Chapter 10: Controls

10.1 Introduction
10.2 Common terminology
10.3 Application examples
10.4 Dimming and regulation
10.5 Basis of lighting control design
10.6 Lighting control for visual effects
10.7 Control of circadian lighting
10.8 Lighting control for energy efficiency
10.9 Automatic testing and monitoring of emergency lighting
10.10 Commissioning and handover


Chapter 11: Common building areas

11.1 Introduction
11.2 Entrance halls
11.3 Reception desk
11.4 Atria
11.5 Corridors
11.6 Waiting areas
11.7 Ramps
11.8 Lift lobbies
11.9 Staircases
11.10 Emergency lighting of staircases
11.11 Escalators
11.12 Toilets
11.13 Staff changing rooms
11.14 Staff showers
11.15 Tea points and refreshment areas
11.16 Sick bay/first aid room
11.17 Cleaners’ rooms
11.18 Store rooms
11.19 Loading bays
11.20 Plant rooms, electrical risers and service spaces

Chapter 12: Retail lighting

12.1 Functions of lighting in offices
12.2 Factors to be considered
12.3 Lighting recommendations
12.4 Approaches to office lighting

Chapter 13: Industrial premises

13.1 Functions of lighting in industrial premises
13.2 Factors to be considered
13.3 Lighting recommendations
13.4 Approaches to industrial lighting

Chapter 14: Educational premises

14.1 Functions of lighting for educational premises
14.2 Factors to be considered
14.3 Lighting recommendations
14.4 Approaches to lighting educational premises

Chapter 15: Retail premises

15.1 Functions of lighting in retail premises
15.2 Factors to be considered
15.3 Lighting recommendations
15.4 Approaches to retail lighting

Chapter 16: Museums and art galleries

16.1 Functions of lighting in museums and art galleries
16.2 Factors to be considered
16.3 Lighting approaches for museums and art galleries

Chapter 17: Hospitals and healthcare buildings

17.1 Functions of lighting in hospitals and healthcare facilities
17.2 Factors to be considered
17.3 Approaches for the lighting of different areas in hospitals

Chapter 18: Places of worship

8.1 Functions of lighting in places of worship
18.2 Factors to be considered
18.3 Lighting recommendations
18.4 Approaches to lighting for places of worship

Chapter 19: Communal residential buildings

19.1 Introduction
19.2 Factors to be considered
19.3 Lighting recommendations
19.4 General aspects of lighting in communal residential buildings
19.5 Nursing and care homes

Chapter 20: Places of entertainment

20.1 Introduction
20.2 Principles of lighting
20.3 Lighting design: interior
20.4 Lighting design: exterior
20.5 Emergency lighting
20.6 Specific types of premises

Chapter 21: Courts and custodial buildings

21.1 Courts
21.2 Custodial lighting

Chapter 22: Courts and custodial buildings

22.1 Introduction
22.2 Identification of tasks
22.3 Design priorities and strategies
22.4 Accessible design considerations
22.5 Access, installation and maintenance
22.6 Risk assessment and emergency lighting
22.7 Typical transport building areas
22.8 Specific lighting requirements by transport mode

Chapter 23: Extreme environments

23.1 Introduction
23.2 Environments
23.3 Emergency lighting
23.4 Remote lighting techniques
23.5 Lamp performance charts

Chapter 24: Exterior workplaces

24.2 Factors to be considered
24.3 Lighting recommendations
24.4 Approaches to exterior workplace lighting

Chapter 25: Exterior architectural lighting

25.1 Overview: key aspects
25.2 Context
25.3 Colour and materials
25.4 Contrast
25.5 Control
25.6 Global applications
25.7 People
25.8 Type of luminaire
25.9 Type of application

Chapter 26: Roads and urban spaces

26.1 Traffic routes
26.2 Conflict areas
26.3 Pedestrian crossings
26.4 Coordination
26.5 Areas adjacent to the carriageway, residential or minor roads or pedestrian streets
26.6 Road lighting design
26.7 Lighting for urban centres and public amenity areas
26.8 Tunnel lighting
26.9 Lighting controls
26.10 Smart cities

Chapter 27: Security lighting

27.1 Functions of security lighting
27.2 Factors to be considered
27.3 Lighting recommendations
27.4 Approaches to security lighting
27.5 Lighting equipment

Chapter 28: Sports

28.1 Functions of lighting for sports
28.2 Factors to be considered
28.3 Lighting recommendations
28.4 Lighting in large facilities

Chapter 29: Historic buildings and spaces

29.1 Historic building being converted to a new use
29.2 Re-use of historic buildings and interiors
29.3 Historic Building preserved ‘as is’
29.4 Historic or sensitive exterior spaces

Chapter 30: Commissioning of lighting installations

30.1 Context
30.2 Forming a commissioning management team
30.3 Pre-commissioning checks
30.4 Functional commissioning
30.5 Lighting installation handover
30.6 Post-completion checks and adjustments

Chapter 31: Performance verification

31.1 The need for performance verification
31.2 Competency of those undertaking measurements
31.3 Preparing for the survey
31.4 Instrumentation
31.5 Methods of measurement
31.6 Measurement of illuminance variation
31.7 Luminance measurements
31.8 Measurement of reflectance

Chapter 32: Maintenance

32.1 The need for lighting maintenance for both traditional and LED light sources
32.2 Maintained illuminance
32.3 Determination of maintenance factor for interior lighting
32.4 Cleaning luminaires
32.5 Room surface cleaning
32.6 Determination of maintenance factor for exterior lighting

Appendix 1: Reflectance and colour

Appendix 2: Circadian lighting

Appendix 3: Building Regulations and environmental labelling schemes

Appendix 4: Glossary of terms

This guide is free to download for CIBSE members and can be obtained via the below link. 

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